영어를 하다보면, 들으면 알지만 , 직접 쓰지않는 표현들이 있다.
오늘은 그런 표현 하나를 많은 예문과 분석을 통해 완전히 정복해보겠다.
[Phrase] … SOMETHING, or lack thereof,…
- lack : The state of being without or not having enough of something:
- thereof: a formal way of referring to something just mentioned.
↓ ( combine the components)
- lack thereof : lack of something that was just referred
↓ (tun it into a idiom )
- SOMETHING, or lack thereof : SOMETHING, or lack of SOMETHING
lack of something이라 하면 될 것을, 왜 구지 이런 표현이 있을까?
사실 lack of something 이라고 말해도 상.관. 없다.
그런데 something, or lack thereof, 이라는 표현을 써서 얻을수 있는 수사학적 효과가 몇가지 있다.
1. Sarcasm-Inducing Effect
“없음”의 개념을 나중에 도입해 sarcasm의 효과를 자아내려고 할 때
(원래 썼을 표현 => 실제로 쓰인 표현 (출처) )
- My lack of involvement is not at issue => My involvement, or lack thereof, is not at issue. (ER)
- Based on my lack of experience, I’d have to say no => Based on my recent experience, or lack thereof, I’d have to say no. (The O.C)
- People will be complaining about racism or witchcraft when their real downfall is lack of their character => People will be complaining about racism or witchcraft , when their real downfall is their character, or lack thereof
- sleep deprivation can directly impact a person’s feelings of lack of well-being ==> sleep deprivation can directly impact a person’s feelings of well-being, or lack thereof.
2. Error Correcting Effect
궁극적인 의도는 ”무언가의 없음” 을 이야기 하려는 것인데, “무엇가”가 입에서 먼저 나오는바람에 “없음”의 개념을 추가로 덧붙일 때
- Erica, your dad’s love life, or lack thereof, it’s not your problem. (Being Erica)
- It was not my intention to get into a discussion of my dating life, or lack thereof. (Forever Knight)
- She was just trying to help me because I freaked out about my future, or lack thereof, and I joined the army without thinking it through. (The Carrie Diaries)
3. Compressing Effect
Whether or not 를 쓰는 부분을 좀더 compact하게 만들 때
- Whether Dan is available or not has nothing to do with our relationship => Dan’s availability or lack thereof has nothing to do with our relationship (Individual Responsibility)
- Personal Choices are an imperative aspect of whether one is successful or not => Personal choices are an imperative aspect of ones success or lack thereof.
- The cycle of life and death is dependent on whether we cooperate or not => The cycle of life and death is dependent on our cooperation or lack thereof
[From Movies & TV Shows]
- One of them is for monitoring migratory patterns of Canadian geese, or lack thereof.(Enemy Of The State)
- If I were you. I would use this time to think about my life and its direction, or lack thereof.(Sister Act)
- This is regarding your contract, or lack thereof. ( Mad Men)
- Feats of strength, or lack thereof, bore me. Entice me with something more challenging. A duel of endurance, a test of my mental fortitude. (Mike & Molly)
- Mom,you’re using your cancer center as an excuse to not deal with your romantic life or lack thereof. (Brothers & Sisters)
- I’m very impressed wit your accent, or lack thereof. (Nikita)
- I’m sorry to bring this up, but Whatever happened between you and Daniel and thepregnancy, or lack thereof, is a private matter between you two. ( Revenge)
- Steve Case on Risk-Taking, or Lack Thereof, in Business (NYT)
- On Car Dealer Service (Or Lack Thereof) - New York Times (NYT)
- Well this is not good. USB Security (or Lack Thereof) Is A Major Problem.
- But it helps you realize that the ability of abstract thought, or lack thereof, has nothing to do with the external persona of kindness.
- ‘Piled Higher and Deeper’ by Jorge Cham is the popular comic strip about life, or the lack thereof, in grad school
- What were we forced to do by the structure (or lack thereof) of the class?