gamut이라는 단어는 SAT나 GRE공부할 때나 외우던 단어였다. 여느 SAT단어장을 보면 gamut: (뜻 : 전체) 라고 적혀있는데.. 일단 단어의 생김새부터가 SAT단어처럼 생겨서 그런지 , 나의 얍삽한 두뇌는 몇년동안 외우기를 거부했다. (Seriously, “전체”를 뜻할 때 누가 gamut이라는 단어를 쓰나. 그냥 쉽게 whole을 쓰지. ) 그런데 어느새 부터 이 표현이 자주 들리기 시작했고, 또 거의 대부분 run the gamut의 이디엄 형태로 쓰이는 것을 깨닫게 되었다. run the gamut. 무슨 뜻일까? 알고보면 동적이고 비주얼적인 표현이다. “His tastes in music run the gamut from classical to heavy metal.”


  1. To encompass the full range or variety possible


  1. gamut 발음이 “개뭇”인지 “개멋”인지 “갬읕”인지 헷갈릴 수도 있다.
    발음을 들어 확실히 익히자: 발음듣기
  2. run the gamut은 음악과 밀접하게 있는 표현이다. 음악에서 음역을 보통 gamut이라고 하는데, 이것은 11세기 이탈리아 수도승 Guido가 계명창법을 개발했을 때, 밑 그림에서 보이는 제일 낮은 음을 Gamma-Ut (감마-우트) 라고 부른 것에서부터 비롯되었다고 한다. Gamma-ut “Gamut” image source: dolmetsch 그렇기때문에 run the gamut은 마치 피아노로 제일 낮은 음부터 높은 음까지 쫘르륵 연주하는 그림을 연상시킨다. 그렇기 때문에 말하고 하는 어떠한 것이 가지각색일 때 자주 나오는 표현이다 ,
    • Kickstarters for creative projects run the gamut from endeavors like Star Citizen to requests for food or rent money to let a writer finish a novel
    • Kogi fans run the gamut from professional lunch crowd to Lord of the Rings star Elijah Wood.
    또한 여러 감정, 즉 만감이 교차하는 상황에에도 자주 등장한다.
    • In her stories she expresses the whole gamut of emotions, from happiness to sorrow.


  • These characters run the gamut from little old Afrikaner tea ladies in tears, to the stoic fossils of grand apartheid. (Invictus)
  • Oh, hello. I’m documentary filmmaker Declan Desmond. a group of Springfield schoolchildren. These children ran the gamut of society : rich and poor, black and white, “he’ll grow into his looks” and “forever hideous. (The Simpsons)
  • Listen, I’ve run the gamut of self- help books. (Austin Powers)
  • They run the gamut of emotions. Some are terrified, some are ecstatic. Some are concentrating as hard as they’ve ever concentrated, some are closing their eyes, trying to fade out. (Cherry Falls)
  • They’re not an angry mob, they’re just standing there, running the gamut of emotions. Shock. Disillusionment. Betrayal. It’s an awkward moment. (Majestic)


  • They run the gamut from the possibility of full-blown Communist expropriation to bad accounting, insider trading, market manipulation and fraud. (Economist)
  • Considering his size, Mr. Beery can run the gamut faster than any man in Hollywood. (NYT)
  • Hedge funds have their place in a portfolio and the risks they represent can run the gamut from very conservative to very aggressive. (Bloomberg)


  • Obama made a Spotify playlist, and it really runs the gamut in terms of genres and artists
  • “All the alternatives [to the #IranDeal] I have heard run the gamut from unrealistic to horrifying”
  • Emotions have run the gamut this week. Heartbreak, attraction, HOPE, friendship. Feeling worn out, confused, but overwhelmingly blessed


  • Is it a slang? No.
  • Can I use it in an email? Yes.
  • Can I use it in a formal setting? Yes.
  • Frequency? Often

context plot data source: Davies, Mark. (2008-) The Corpus of Contemporary American English: 450 million words, 1990-present. Available online at http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/


20세기에 들어서 빈도수가 급증한 것을 볼 수 있다. ngram_img image source: Google Ngram