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MOTIVATION

lends itself to” 는 이미 예전에 한번 다룬 이디엄이다. 그런데 이 표현을 완전히 자유자재로 쓰려고 한다면, 예문을 반복해서 읽고, 실제 대화나 글에서 써봐야한다. 워낙 미국적인 표현이여서, 이 숙어는 계속 복습해야한다. 잠깐. 방금 마지막 문장을 영어로 어떻게 표현할까?

  • You must review this particular expression multiple times
  • This particular idiom must be reviewed multiple times.
라고 표현 해도 되지만, 좀 더 강력하고 미국적인 표현이 있으니…well you guessed it, “This particular idiom lends itself to multiple reviews”

DEFINITION

  1. to be good for a particular use
  2. to be adaptable to something
  3. to be useful for something.

COMMENT

  1. 진짜 재미있는 표현이다. 직역하면 “X라는 사물이 자기 자신을 Y한테 빌려주다” 인데, 이런 표현은 생각의 패러다임을 바꿔야 쓸 수 있다.
    “X라는 사물이 Y라는 사물에게 너무 매료되서, “난 나를 내가 가지고 있는 것 보다 너가 가지고 있는 것이 낫겠다” 라며 자기 자신을 빌려주는 ..그런 억지스러운 형상을 연상하면 도움이 된다. image_img
  2. 다음의 문장을 비교해보라
    • Good location lends itself to a nice ride
    • Good location is good for a nice ride
    둘 중 뭐가 더 stylistic한가 ? 당연히 첫번째다.

FROM MOVIES

  • Sunday lends itself to writing. (A Very Long Engagement)
  • However, its architecture lends itself to even more complex computations. (The Murdoch Mysteries)
  • Not everyone’s last name lends itself to a nickname, Keith. My last name is Dudemeister. And what am I supposed to do with that, OK? (Scrubs)
  • Any bureaucracy that functions in secret inevitably lends itself to corruption. (Twin Peaks)
  • Authorities believe that as the gang has grown more powerful, it’s building an organizational structure that lends itself to international crime. (Gangland)
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FROM NEWS

  • A famously counterintuitive puzzle that lends itself to a Bayesian approach is the Monty Hall problem (NYT)
  • A cosy system of perks and commissions lends itself to abuse. (Economist)
  • “This is not something that lends itself to short-term solutions.” (NYT)
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FROM TWITTER

  • Social media’s participatory nature lends itself to greater community engagement
  • You are a glorious creature of words. You have a viable idea that actually lends itself to being written.
  • There is something in the culture of banking that lends itself to making otherwise fairly good people do bad things

VIDEO

  • avant-garde, technorock and kind of lends itself toward
  • lend itself to poetry or screenplays because it’s a collaboration so nobody wrote
  • This river lends itself to India’s name.
  • and one of the reasons that it lends itself to ridicule.
  • and it really lends itself, as you can see, to cinema.

META & CONTEXT

  • Is it a slang? No.
  • Can I use it in an email? Yes.
  • Can I use it in a formal setting? Yes.
  • Frequency? A LOT, 특히 학술지에서! 역시 세련된 표현이다.

context plot data source: Davies, Mark. (2008-) The Corpus of Contemporary American English: 450 million words, 1990-present. Available online at http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/

PHRASE HISTORY

오래된 표현인 것을 알 수 있다. ngram_img image source: Google Ngram

TYPICAL MISTAKES

  1. lend itself to + 명사형 이다
  2. Sunday lends itself to write (X)
  3. Sunday lends itself to writing (O)
  4. 명사형이 나온다고 해서 연결하는 전치사를 for라고 쓰는 오류를 조심하자
  5. Good location lends itself for a nice ride (X)
  6. Good location lends itself to a nice ride (O)
  7. 주어가 만약에 he/she/they 면 그것에 맞는 소유격을 써야한다
  8. Like Shakespeare, she is a writer who lends itself to infinitely various interpretation (X)
  9. Like Shakespeare, she is a writer who lends herself to infinitely various interpretation (O)

CULTURE

정말 중요한 idiom이니, 문화적인 요소를 넣어서 더 문장을 공부해봅시다. 1. 소셜미디어가 자랑질 플랫폼이 되는 것을 비판하는 인용구 Margaret Atwood : “Social media is called social media for a reason. It lends itself to sharing rather than horn-tooting.” 2. 뉴욕을 예찬하는 인용구! 뉴욕사시는 분들, 많이 공감되죠?! Margot Robbie: “It’s fascinating to see how versatile New York City is. It lends itself to being so many different places!”