crop up

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오늘의 표현은 Don Lee님께서 추천해주셨습니다. 감사합니다.

살다보면 기대하지 않았던 문제들이 불쑥불쑥 하나둘 씩 생겨날 때가 많다.

  • 마음잡고 일을 하려고 하는데, 갑자기 컴퓨터 전원이 안켜진다!
  • 고요한 마을에서 갑자기 폭동이 일어난다!
  • 프로젝트같이 진행하는 자와 갑자기 논쟁이 시작됨

이런 상황을 영어로 어떻게 표현할까?

Problems happened unexpectedly 또는 Problems occurred suddenly 등 으로 표현할 수 있겠지만,

“불쑥 일어나다” 의 느낌을 좀 더 비주얼하게 표현할 수 있는 방법이 있다.

“When I started this project, many unexpected problems cropped up.”

  1. To appear or occur, especially suddenly or unexpectedly.


오늘은 Phrase History 먼저 다루겠다. PhraseFinder 에 따르면 이 표현은 17세기부터 지질학자와 광부들이 “땅을 뚫고 나온 돌”들을 묘사하기위해 쓰였던 표현이란다.

돌들이 “불쑥” 튀어나온 것과 “unexpectedly”의 뉘앙스가 엮어진 것 같다.

구글 Ngram을 보면, 이 표현은 19세기 중반부터 인기가 많아지고, 그 이후 꾸준히 쓰여진 것을 확인할 수 있다.

image source: Google Ngram

  • It seems like every week a whole new set of problems would just crop up out of nowhere. Except for summer where nothing seemed to happen for months at a time. (Seinfeld)
  • Did something unexpected crop up? (Birds)
  • They can tell from the eyelashes, you know? He’s got eyelashes yay long. They must be a foot long. The older you are when you have a baby, the more likely this stuff is to crop up. ( Aniversary Party)
  • Fix one leak, two more crop up and we’re stuck in the mess. (Law & Order)

  • Decisions can be made more quickly and problems resolved as soon as they crop up. (Economist)
  • By exploring mines worldwide, retailers can veer away from politically messy situations that crop up in any single area. (Bloomberg)
  • At UN, talks are ‘moving’ but new problems crop up. (MYT)


  • In a very short time, people in Gujarat were able to control the violence that cropped up a few days back
  • Some great ideas beginning to crop up.
  • I’m seeing the phrase “principle photography” suddenly crop up a lot, and need to check I’m not going insane… Not a thing. Right?

  • And west Antarctica cropped up on top some under-sea islands, is particularly rapid in its melting.
  • And if I was to put money on it, I would put money on — in a very unscientific way — that these things would also crop up at the LHC.
  • Among the other interesting things that have cropped up are many things from businesses, from marketing and communications and predictable things, to an insanely popular Korean-barbecue taco truck that drives around L.A. and Twitters where it stops, causing a line to form around the block.
  • I noticed a particularly tasty-looking sun-dried tomato loaf that used to crop up from time to time.

  • Is it a slang? No.
  • Can I use it in an email? Yes.
  • Can I use it in a formal setting? Yes.
context plot
data source: Davies, Mark. (2008-) The Corpus of Contemporary American English: 450 million words, 1990-present. Available online at


crop up은 occur 과 의미가 비슷하지만, 완전히 interchangeable하지는 않다.

a. the accident cropped up at about 3:30 p.m. (X)

b. the accident occurred at about 3:30 p.m. (O)

a번문장보다 b번문장이 자연스러운 이유는, 여러가지가 있는데,

  1. 통계적이유(90%): “the accident occured..”라는 문장 자체가 워낙 자주 쓰이는 phrase다. 그래서 훨씬 자연스럽다.
  2. 논리적이유(10%): crop up 은 “갑자기” 라는 뉘앙스가 있는데, 갑자기 일어난 것이라면 정확한 시간을 아는 것이 아이러니하기 때문이다.

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