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MOTIVATION

“네 이녀석!!! 딱 걸렸어!!” 누구 몰래 나쁜 짓을 하다가, 현장에서 딱 걸려본 적이 있는가? “딱 걸리다”를 영어로 어떻게 표현할까? “Someone kept eating my food, and finally yesterday I caught Mike red-handed eating my salad !!!”* *실제로 한동안 필자의 연구실 공용냉장고에서는, 사람들이 나중에 먹으려고 저장해둔 음식들이 계속 사라지는 괴의한 일이 두 달간 발생했었다. 이 공공의 적에게 모두가 “빡”이 쳐 있었는데, 결국에는 범인은 사람들이 다 퇴근한 밤에 몰래 냉장고 옆에서 남의 음식을 우걱우걱먹다가 제일 피해를 많이 본 피해자에게 딱 걸렸다.

DEFINITION

  1. to catch a person in the act of doing something wrong.

COMMENT

  1. 은근 오래된 표현인데, 이 표현의 유래는 조금 잔인하다. 살인 현장에서 범행을 저지른 범인의 손은 피 범벅, 즉 빨갛기 마련이라, “catch PERSON red-handed”라고 했단다.

FROM MOVIES

  • Monsignor, we caught the thief red-handed! (Les Miserables)
  • Your plan is to catch them red-handed before they can destroy the evidence, then write an expose for the paper and win yourself another big award. (Bounty Hunter)
  • The whole idea behind this operation is to catch Joe Cabot red-handed. (Reservoir Dogs)
  • Simpson? you might say you caught him red-handed. Simpson, you and I are going to have a little talk. (The Simpsons)
  • They caught me red-handed with stolen mafia loot. (Hot in Cleveland )
image_img 딱 걸렸을 때는 표정관리를 잘해야한다…

FROM NEWS

  • The defendants were caught red-handed committing these crimes on audio and videotape. (Bloomberg)
  • Our strategy was to catch the suspect red-handed, and it worked (NYT)
  • Could he describe a meeting where banks caught him red handed and still acquiesced in his conduct? (Bloomberg)
image_img “그러게…우쭈쭈 내가 모를 줄 알았어??”

FROM TWITTER

  • Literally just caught this guy red handed recording me doing squats at the gym…………
  • Caught red-handed: Gracie trying to use my YOGA Tablet 3 Pro.
  • CNN anchor Anderson Cooper was caught red-handed LYING about Donald Trump.

VIDEO

  • You might say you caught him red-handed.

META & CONTEXT

  • Is it a slang? No.
  • Can I use it in an email? Yes.
  • Can I use it in a formal setting? Yes.

context plot data source: Davies, Mark. (2008-) The Corpus of Contemporary American English: 450 million words, 1990-present. Available online at http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/

PHRASE HISTORY

1800년 이후로부터 쓰인 표현인 것을 알 수 있다. ngram_img image source: Google Ngram

TYPICAL MISTAKES

  1. 이상한 전치사 갖다붙이지 말자
  2. He got caught with red-hands (X)
  3. He got caught red-handed (O)
  4. “red-handed”가 adjective인 것을 까먹지 말자
  5. He got caught red-hand (X)
  6. He got caught red-handED (O)