“저번주부터 컴퓨터 서버가 작동되고 있어”를 영어로 어떻게 표현할까?

  • The server has been running since last week
이라고 표현할 수도있지만, 간단한 꾸밈음을 추가해주면, 영어를 좀 한다는 인상을 줄 수 있다. “The server has been up and running since last week “


  1. operational, in operation


be up and running는 한국어로 의역하면 “작동하다”라는 뜻이다.
그렇다고 작동하는 모든 사물에 이 표현을 쓰면 조금 웃기다. 예를들어, my eletronic toothbrush is up and running이라는 문장은 어색하기 짝이 없다. 왜일까? 그 이유를 알아보기전에, 우선 이 표현과 자주 쓰이는 어떤 명사부터 알아보자.

  • the business is up and running
  • the system is up and running
  • the server is up and running
  • the site is up and running
  • the program is up and running
  • the network is up and running
  • the database is up and running
  • the service is up and running
위 명사들의 공통점이 보이는가? 다 한번 작동된 후 당분간 작동을 멈추지 않는 뉘앙스를 담고 있다. 이런 뉘앙스가 있기때문에 꼭 기계가 아닌 것에도 쓰인다. 비지니스라던가, 켐페인, 프로젝트 등 같은 것에 말이다. 그렇기 때문에 my eletronic toothbrush is up and running의 문장이 어색한 것이다. 전동칫솔은 껐다 켰다 하는 것이므로. image_img


  • We should be up and running in, say, six to nine months. (Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa)
  • You just get the machine up and running. (Monsters Inc.)
  • They’ve come to see you. lf you impress them, if you do what l know you can,… ..this movement will be up and running by tomorrow. (Believer)
  • With enough zoos up and running, we are talking billions. (Fierce Creatures )
  • Yeah, l’ll fiix that. lt’s a work in progress. l’ll have it up and running in no time. (Save The Last Dance)


  • New Denver Airport Up and Running, But the Takeoff Is None Too Smooth. (NYT)
  • A groundbreaking computerised forest-protection system is up and running. (Economist)
  • London Subway Up and Running Again as Latest Tube Strike Ends (Bloomberg)


  • This is a pretty affordable, reliable grill. Get one up and running for Labor Day!
  • The new stadium website is up and running
  • Good morning! The [soccer] season is well and truly up and running! #MCFC


  • and it needs special care, TLC, to keep it up and running,
  • So, he had to focus each tube just to get the memory up and running,
  • was up and running, brokering deals
  • that has to keep the website up and running 247.
  • was up and running within weeks.
  • is needed to get the machines back up and running.
  • up and running, and I’ve clocked these animals generating
  • Adam: Yeah, I remember I came in late to the show and they were already up and running


  • Is it a slang? No.
  • Can I use it in an email? Yes.
  • Can I use it in a formal setting? Yes.
  • Frequency? A LOT

context plot data source: Davies, Mark. (2008-) The Corpus of Contemporary American English: 450 million words, 1990-present. Available online at http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/


20세기 중간부터 점점 많이 쓰이기 시작하는 것을 볼 수 있다. ngram_img image source: Google Ngram