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MOTIVATION

이번주 금요일에 친구들과 뭉치기로 일주일 전부터 약속이 되어 있었는데, 당일 오후 다들 일이 생겨서 못 나온단다.

약속된 불금을 이렇게 취소하는 친구들의 행동을 영어로 어떻게 표현할까? All my friends bailed out on me

DEFINITION

  1. to abandon a situation; to get out of something.
  2. to rescue someone or something from trouble or difficulty.

COMMENT

1> 위 예문처럼 자동사로 쓰일 경우, bail out 는 원래 “추락하는 비행기에서 낙하산타고 탈출하다”의 의미를 가지고 있다. 그렇기 때문에 친구들의 행동은 “마치 추락하는 비행기를 버리고 탈출 하는 것”과 비슷하게 볼 수 있다.

  • my best friend bailed out on me
2> bail out 은 타동사로도 쓰일 수 있다: ex) bail someone out/bail out someone .
타동사로 쓰일 경우 “someone을 위기에서 구출하다” 의 의미로 쓰인다.
  • (when my company was financially struggling,) my best friend bailed me out with economic aid.
자동사로 쓸 때와 타동사로 쓸 때 느낌이 확 달라지는 것을 볼 수 있다. 3>마지막으로 이 표현은 명사형 “a bailout” 으로도 쓸 수 있다. bailout 은 심각한 재정 위기에 처한 기업, 국가 등에 대한 “긴급 구제”를 일컫는다.

FROM MOVIES

  • It’s due tomorrow. Tomorrow? Well, that’s too bad, mister. I’m not gonna bail you out this time. (The Simpsons)
  • You bailed on me. - Did you hear me? – I was all by myself! For three whole hours. The next time you make a promise, try and keep it! (Devil’s Advocate)
  • Haley got arrested for drinking. We gotta go bail her out. (Modern Family)
  • Well, that’s a bit of luck, being bailed out like that at the last minute! (On Her Majesty’s Secret Service)
  • The last time I tried to hook you up, you bailed out. This is good, and the fact that you initiated it yourself, that’s important. (Just Like Heaven)
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FROM NEWS

  • In the 1990s it[IMF] persuaded most of 15 former Soviet nations to adopt tight budgets, saved Mexico after its peso crisis, and bailed out South Korea and much of Southeast Asia. (Bloomberg)
  • At one point, I wrote a goodbye scene to show how my hard-drinking, cowboy daddy had bailed out on me when I hit puberty (NYT)
  • How America bailed out the banks rather than its citizens. (Economist)
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FROM TWITTER

  • I really wish some of my friends wouldn’t bail out on me all the time
  • 5 different people this week have bailed on me
  • this is abt a guy i met who was 23 with a 10pm curfew & bailed on me one night bc his mum made lasagne for dinner

VIDEO

  • and will fail unless it is bailed out.
  • That when it comes to the rich, we’ll bail out
  • really went into fixing the past, bailing out the banks, the car companies,
  • Will the bailout work? We have national debt, Detroit,
  • So if you look at this in the context of visualizing the bailout,
  • to fund and bail us out.
  • with which we talk about trillion-dollar bailout here, and trillion there,
  • They bail out as soon as they get to the top of Saint Ivo,
  • or bail out an investment bank.
  • whether it’s a bailout, an oil spill,
  • they were discussing the bailout package —

META & CONTEXT

  • Is it a slang? No
  • Can I use it in a email? Yes
  • Can I use it in a formal setting? Yes
  • Frequency? A lot

context plot Source: Davies, Mark. (2008-) The Corpus of Contemporary American English: 450 million words, 1990-present. Available online at http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/